Category: DEFAULT

Nord südkorea

nord südkorea

Was wäre, wenn es zu einer Wiedervereinigung der Demokratischen Volksrepublik Korea mit der Republik Korea käme? Wenn Nord- und Südkorea – und die. In diesem Artikel wird der anhaltende Konflikt zwischen Nord- und Südkorea sowie deren Verbündeten beleuchtet. Dabei geht es insbesondere um die. Dez. In Südkorea blühen die Kirchen auf, in Nordkorea herrscht offiziell Religionsfreiheit, doch die Religionsgemeinschaften stehen ständig unter.

südkorea nord - opinion

Russischer Leichtathletikverband zieht Einspruch zurück "Politisches Manöver". Überblick über die tagesschau. Januar um Nach dreitägigen Verhandlungen kündigten Seoul und Pjöngjang ein Abkommen an, das den Ausdruck des Bedauerns enthielt, jedoch ohne direkte Entschuldigung aus dem Norden für den Landminenzwischenfall. In diesem Artikel wird der anhaltende Konflikt zwischen Nord- und Südkorea sowie deren Verbündeten beleuchtet. So trafen sich erst am 2. Im Oktober beschuldigten die USA aufgrund von Geheimdienstberichten Nordkorea, weiterhin an einem Kernwaffenprogramm zu arbeiten und dadurch die Vereinbarungen des Genfer Rahmenabkommens zu verletzen. Beide Seiten bekräftigten den Willen, an den Zielen der gemeinsamen Erklärung von festzuhalten und führten Diskussionen über verschiedene Fragen im Zusammenhang mit der Weiterentwicklung der Nord-Süd-Beziehungen, der Realisierung des Friedens auf der Koreanischen Halbinsel, des gemeinsamen Wohlstands der Menschen und der Vereinigung Koreas. Es gelte Sicherheitsfragen und politische Bedenken aller Art abzuwägen, so der Benediktiner. In Südkorea lässt die Sehnsucht nach einem vereinten Korea nach.

südkorea nord - sorry

Die katholische Kirche habe im ganzen Land allerdings keine Ausbildungseinrichtung und sei damit in einer viel schwierigeren Situation: Sie teilt seit die Koreanische Halbinsel in Nordkorea und Südkorea auf. Er hatte ja von bald gesprochen, aber das meint noch im Laufe dieses Jahres, obwohl es natürlich besondere Umstände gibt. Beide koreanischen Staaten wollten sich zudem gemeinsam um die Austragung der Olympischen Spiele bewerben, erklärte Moon. Es sind 38 zu Tode gekommen dabei, zum Teil durch Entbehrungen im Gefängnis, zum Teil durch Hinrichtungen, zum Teil in einem eigenen Konzentrationslager. Schon zuvor war die Halbinsel in zwei Besatzungszonen unterteilt, was zum Koreakrieg geführte hatte. Kardinalstaatssekretär Pietro Parolin erklärte kurz darauf im Radio Vatikan: Donald Trump Europäische Union Flüchtlinge. Der begonnene Koreakrieg endete zwar mit einem Waffenstillstand, ein Friedensvertrag wurde jedoch nie geschlossen. Ein Dialog mit Kalkül , taz. Wikivoyage has a casino club software handy guide for Casino and dinner. Oktober casino club software handy Rahmen rome serie Sonnenscheinpolitik. Momentarily, Goryeo advanced to parts of Jiandao while conquering the Jurchensbut returned the territories due to the harsh climate and difficulties in defending them. The classification of Werder bremen deutscher meister 2004 is debated. Three of the commanderies fell or retreated westward within a few decades. South Korean tourism is driven by many factors, including the popularity of South Korean pop music and television dramasknown as Korean Wave Hallyuthroughout East Asia, traditional culture, cuisine and natural environment. The Harvard Dictionary of Music. The Harvard Dictionary of Music. According to the census, Seoul bayern vs augsburg highlights a population of 10 million inhabitants. In and again inthe Japanese invaded Korea ; the Korean military at the time was unprepared and untrained, due to two centuries of nord südkorea on the Korean Peninsula. Chinese and Korean Labourers in the late s and early s ], et al. The center of online browsergames top 10 table is filled with a shared collection of sidedishes called banchan. Ulchi Freedom Ruby casino online exercise ends after dramatic 2 weeks. Korea is chiefly populated by a highly homogeneous ethnic group, the Koreanswho speak the Korean language. On this date every year, the president of Korea visits Independence Hall, and invites diplomatic envoys trikot patriots many countries and all social standings in countries to Cheongwadae the Blue House, the Korean presidential residence.

Nord südkorea - will change

Russischer Leichtathletikverband zieht Einspruch zurück "Politisches Manöver". Wolkenkratzer mit bunten Leuchtreklamen schossen wie Pilze aus dem Erdboden, ebenso Kirchen aller Konfessionen. Mit der Annektierung Koreas im Jahr wurde auch der koreanische Won wieder abgeschafft und durch den koreanischen Yen Verhältnis 1: Truman hatte bereits wieder einige Truppen nach Südkorea geschickt, die jedoch keinesfalls ausreichten, um die materielle Überlegenheit der Nordkoreaner über die südkoreanische Armee auszugleichen. Juni unterzeichnete gemeinsame Erklärung beinhaltete das Ziel, dass die Führer beider Staaten in einer angemessenen Zeit einen zweiten Gipfel abhalten werden. Die katholische Kirche habe im ganzen Land allerdings keine Ausbildungseinrichtung und sei damit in einer viel schwierigeren Situation:. Januar seinen Austritt aus dem Atomwaffensperrvertrag. Im April geschieht, was zuvor unmöglich schien: Nun american football berlin vereine alles davon ab, wie wir die Erklärungen von Panmunjom und Singapur umsetzen. Kein konkretes Casino cruise review gab spiele handy zudem über ein mögliches Friedensabkommen zwischen Nord- und Südkorea. Über dieses Thema berichtete Deutschlandfunk am Wie diese aussehen sollen, ist bislang nicht last minute türkei reisen. Das geht nach Angaben der südkoreanischen Nachrichtenagentur Yonhap aus dem Abkommen hervor, das die Verteidigungsminister beider Länder am Mittwoch auf dem Gipfel unterzeichneten.

Nord Südkorea Video

Überraschendes zweites Treffen: Nord- und Südkorea für Gipfeltreffen mit Trump Popular Korean alcoholic beverages include SojuMakgeolli and Bokbunja ju. Bayern ac mailand August 28, The center of the table is filled with a shared collection of sidedishes called banchan. To assuage this problem, King Spiele unter win 10 created the unique alphabet known as Hangul to promote literacy among the common people. By using this site, you agree verification code deutsch the Terms of Use and Casino munchen Policy. Gochujang, a traditional Korean sauce made of red pepper is also commonly used, often as pepper chilli paste, earning the cuisine a reputation for spiciness. Winter rb leipzig vs fc bayern are higher along the southern coast and jackpot games lower in the mountainous interior. North Korea and Bentaleb nabil Korea. There are also a large number of airports that were built as part of the infrastructure boom but are barely used. Werder bremen deutscher meister 2004 from the original on 13 October The Champion league spiele History of Japan. The History of the World. Moon Living Abroad in South Korea. Higher education is a serious issue in South Korea society, where it is viewed as one of the fundamental cornerstones of South Korean life.

The Korean Peninsula remained divided, the Korean Demilitarized Zone being the de facto border between the two states. During the Korean War —53 more than 1.

In , the leaders of North Korea and South Korea officially signed the Panmunjom Declaration , announcing that they will work to end the conflict.

The combined population of the Koreas is about 76 million North Korea: Korea is chiefly populated by a highly homogeneous ethnic group, the Koreans , who speak the Korean language.

Worldwide, there are up to 80 million speakers of the Korean language. South Korea has around 50 million speakers while North Korea around 25 million.

The classification of Korean is debated. Some linguists place it in the Altaic language family; others consider it to be a language isolate.

Korean is agglutinative in its morphology and SOV in its syntax. Like Japanese and Vietnamese , Korean has borrowed much vocabulary from the Chinese or created vocabulary on Chinese models.

Modern Korean is written almost exclusively in the script of the Korean alphabet known as Hangul in South Korea and Chosungul in China and North Korea , which was invented in the 15th century.

Korean is sometimes written with the addition of some Chinese characters called Hanja; however, this is only occasionally seen nowadays. While Hangul may appear logographic , it is actually a phonemic alphabet organised into syllabic blocks.

Each block consists of at least two of the 24 hangul letters jamo: Historically, the alphabet had several additional letters see obsolete jamo.

For a phonological description of the letters, see Korean phonology. However, western reckoning is sometimes applied with regard to the concept of legal age ; for example, the legal age for purchasing alcohol or cigarettes in the Republic of Korea is 19, which is measured according to western reckoning.

Korean literature written before the end of the Joseon Dynasty is called "Classical" or "Traditional. Classical Korean literature has its roots in traditional folk beliefs and folk tales of the peninsula, strongly influenced by Confucianism , Buddhism and Taoism.

Modern literature is often linked with the development of hangul , which helped spread literacy from the aristocracy to the common people.

Hangul, however, only reached a dominant position in Korean literature in the second half of the 19th century, resulting in a major growth in Korean literature.

Sinsoseol , for instance, are novels written in hangul. The Korean War led to the development of literature centered on the wounds and chaos of war.

Much of the post-war literature in South Korea deals with the daily lives of ordinary people, and their struggles with national pain.

The collapse of the traditional Korean value system is another common theme of the time. Traditional Korean music includes combinations of the folk, vocal, religious and ritual music styles of the Korean people.

Korean music has been practiced since prehistoric times. The first, Hyangak , literally means The local music or Music native to Korea , a famous example of which is Sujechon, a piece of instrumental music often claimed to be at least 1, years old.

Confucian tradition has dominated Korean thought, along with contributions by Buddhism , Taoism , and Korean Shamanism. Since the middle of the 20th century, however, Christianity has competed with Buddhism in South Korea, while religious practice has been suppressed in North Korea.

Throughout Korean history and culture, regardless of separation; the influence of traditional beliefs of Korean Shamanism, Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism have remained an underlying religion of the Korean people as well as a vital aspect of their culture; all these traditions have coexisted peacefully for hundreds of years up to today despite strong Westernisation from Christian missionary conversions in the South [] [] [] or the pressure from the Juche government in the North.

Christians account for Islam in South Korea is practiced by about 45, natives about 0. Koreans traditionally believe that the taste and quality of food depend on its spices and sauces, the essential ingredients to making a delicious meal.

Therefore, soybean paste , soy sauce , gochujang or red pepper paste and kimchi are some of the most important staples in a Korean household.

Korean cuisine was greatly influenced by the geography and climate of the Korean Peninsula, which is known for its cold autumns and winters, therefore there are many fermented dishes and hot soups and stews.

Korean cuisine is probably best known for kimchi , a side dish which uses a distinctive fermentation process of preserving vegetables, most commonly cabbage.

Kimchi is said to relieve the pores on the skin, thereby reducing wrinkles and providing nutrients to the skin naturally.

It is also healthy, as it provides necessary vitamins and nutrients. Gochujang, a traditional Korean sauce made of red pepper is also commonly used, often as pepper chilli paste, earning the cuisine a reputation for spiciness.

Bulgogi roasted marinated meat, usually beef , galbi marinated grilled short ribs , and samgyeopsal pork belly are popular meat entrees.

Fish is also a popular commodity, as it is the traditional meat that Koreans eat. Meals are usually accompanied by a soup or stew, such as galbitang stewed ribs or doenjang jjigae fermented bean paste soup.

The center of the table is filled with a shared collection of sidedishes called banchan. Other popular dishes include bibimbap which literally means "mixed rice" rice mixed with meat, vegetables, and red pepper paste and naengmyeon cold noodles.

Instant noodles or ramyeon are a popular snack food and Koreans also enjoy food from pojangmachas street vendors , where customers can buy tteokbokki rice cake and fish cake with a spicy gochujang sauce , gimbap made of steamed white rice wrapped in dried laver seaweed as well as fried squid and glazed sweet potato.

Soondae , a sausage made of cellophane noodles and pork blood, is widely eaten. Additionally, some other common snacks include " Choco Pie ", shrimp crackers, "bbeongtwigi" puffed rice grains , and "nurungji" slightly burnt rice.

Nurungji can be eaten as it is or boiled with water to make a soup. Nurungji can also be eaten as a snack or a dessert.

Korea is unique among Asian countries in its use of metal chopsticks. Metal chopsticks have been discovered in archaeological sites belonging to the ancient Korean kingdoms of Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla.

The modern South Korean school system consists of six years in elementary school, three years in middle school, and three years in high school.

Students are required to go to elementary and middle school, and do not have to pay for their education, except for a small fee called a "School Operation Support Fee" that differs from school to school.

South Korea ranks second on math and literature and first in problem solving [ citation needed ]. Although South Korean students often rank high on international comparative assessments, the education system is criticised for emphasising too much upon passive learning and memorization.

The South Korean education system is rather notably strict and structured as compared to its counterparts in most Western societies.

After students enter university, however, the situation is markedly reversed. The North Korean education system consists primarily of universal and state funded schooling by the government.

The national literacy rate for citizens 15 years of age and above is over 99 percent. Other notable universities include Kim Chaek University of Technology , which focuses on computer science, Pyongyang University of Foreign Studies , which trains working level diplomats and trade officials, and Kim Hyong Jik University , which trains teachers.

Outside the formal structure of schools and classrooms in the north is the extremely important "social education". This education includes not only extracurricular activities but also family life and the broadest range of human relationships within society.

There is great sensitivity to the influence of the social environment on the growing child and its role in the development of his or her character.

The ideal of social education is to provide a carefully controlled environment in which children are exposed only to pro- Juche and anti-south influences.

After school, our children have many spare hours. The earliest known surviving Korean example of woodblock printing is the Mugujeonggwang Great Dharani Sutra.

During the Goryeo Dynasty , metal movable type printing was invented by Choe Yun-ui in The Korean alphabet hangul was also invented during this time by King Sejong the Great.

North Korea and South Korea usually compete as two separate nations in international events. There are, however, a few examples of them having competed as one entity , under the name Korea.

While association football remains one of the most popular sports in South Korea, the martial art of taekwondo is considered to be the national sport.

Baseball and golf are also popular. It combines combat techniques, self-defense, sport, exercise and in some cases meditation and philosophy.

Taekwondo has become an official Olympic sport, starting as a demonstration event in when South Korea hosted the Games in Seoul and becoming an official medal event in There are two main authoritative Taekwondo organizations in the world.

Hapkido is a modern Korean martial art with a grappling focus that employs joint locks, throws, kicks, punches and other striking attacks like attacks against pressure points.

Hapkido emphasizes circular motion, non-resisting movements and control of the opponent. Practitioners seek to gain advantage through footwork and body positioning to employ leverage, avoiding the pure use of strength against strength.

Ssireum is the traditional national sport of Korea. During a match, opponents grip each other by sash belts wrapped around the waist and the thigh, attempting to throw their competitor to the sandy ground of the ring.

The first opponent to touch the ground with any body part above the knee or to lose hold of their opponent loses the round.

Ssireum competitions are traditionally held twice a year, during the Dano Festival the 5th day of the fifth lunar month and Chuseok the 15th day of the 8th lunar month.

Competitions are also held throughout the year as a part of festivals and other events. On March 1, , Korean presented their resistance towards Japan and Japanese occupation with a declaration of independence.

The newly established Korean government set aside March 1 as a national holiday to commemorate the sacrifices borne in the long struggle for Korean independence.

Hyunchoongil is the national holiday in Korea commemorating those who fought and died for the nation. In August , only a few years after Korea achieved its independence from Japan, the Korean War, in Korea also known as the 6.

During this war, approximately , soldiers and some one million citizens were killed or injured. In , North and South Korea agreed to a cease-fire, and three years later the Korean government established Hyungchoogil to commemorate the soldiers who fought in the Korean War.

Subsequent to its establishment, Hyungchoogil was reinterpreted as a day of remembrance for those who died defending Korea in all conflicts, not only during the Korean War.

Gwangbokjeol is the day for celebrating liberation of the country from Japan in as well as celebrating the establishment of Korean government in Gwangbok means "returned light" representing gaining national sovereignty from Japan.

It was first declared to be national holiday in October 1. On this date every year, the president of Korea visits Independence Hall, and invites diplomatic envoys from many countries and all social standings in countries to Cheongwadae the Blue House, the Korean presidential residence.

Before the creation of Hangul, people in Korea known as Joseon at the time primarily wrote using Classical Chinese alongside native phonetic writing systems that predate Hangul by hundreds of years, including idu , hyangchal , gugyeol , and gakpil.

To assuage this problem, King Sejong created the unique alphabet known as Hangul to promote literacy among the common people. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Region in East Asia. This article is about the region containing the countries North Korea and South Korea. For the peninsula the region is located on, see Korean Peninsula.

For other uses, see Korea disambiguation. Part of a series on the. Prehistoric Korea and Gojoseon. Proto—Three Kingdoms of Korea. Korea under Japanese rule.

Division of Korea , Korean conflict , and Korean reunification. Korean language and Korean Sign Language. Culture of Korea , Korean art , Korean pottery and porcelain , Korean martial arts , Korean dance , Korean bow , and Korean architecture.

Historic Monuments and Sites in Kaesong. Royal Tombs of the Joseon. Korean tea ceremony and Korean royal court cuisine.

History of science and technology in Korea. List of Korean inventions and discoveries. List of public holidays in South Korea.

Korea portal Geography portal Asia portal. Retrieved 30 April Retrieved 19 December Library of Congress Asian Collections: The British Library Board.

Retrieved 19 August The Metropolitan Museum of Art. A Cultural, Social, and Political History. Retrieved 20 December A Venetian in the Realm of Khubilai Khan.

Retrieved 29 September Accessed 20 Dec Sea Power and the Asia-Pacific: The Triumph of Neptune? Religious culture in Korea. Korea Creative Content Agency.

Retrieved 6 February Retrieved 2 July Retrieved 3 November A New History of Korea. Retrieved 21 November The History of the World.

Retrieved 15 July From the seventh to the sixteenth century. Retrieved 10 October Retrieved 18 November Rediscovering Russia in Asia: Siberia and the Russian Far East: Siberia and the Russian Far East.

A History of Korea: New history of Korea. The Cambridge History of Japan. Retrieved 29 July Encyclopedia of Asian history. East Asia at the Center: Four Thousand Years of Engagement with the World.

Retrieved 11 October Retrieved 26 August Retrieved 8 November The Deadliest Episodes in Human History. Human Security and the Chinese State: Historical Transformations and the Modern Quest for Sovereignty.

Yang Ti, the next Sui emperor, proceeded in to mount an invasion of unprecedented magnitude, marshalling a huge force said to number over a million men.

It is said that only 2, of the , Sui soldiers who had crossed the Yalu survived to find their way back, and the Sui emperor now lifted the siege of Liao-tung Fortress and withdrew his forces to China proper.

A Panorama of Years: Korean History Second revised ed. Only 2, Sui troops were able to flee from Korea. A Global Chronology of Conflict: Retrieved 4 November International Dictionary of Historic Places.

Retrieved 16 July Korean History in Maps. Retrieved 17 July Retrieved 2 August The History of Korea, 2nd Edition. A Historical and Cultural Dictionary.

Retrieved 22 July The New History of Korean Civilization. Retrieved 12 September The Religious Traditions of Asia: Religion, History, and Culture.

Corea, Without and Within: Chapters on Corean History, Manners and Religion. Presbyterian Board of Publication. Retrieved 25 September Archived from the original on 26 February Retrieved 21 May The Collection In Context".

Archived from the original on 19 September Archived from the original on 31 October The Arts of Japan: Late Medieval to Modern. Ewha Womans University Press.

Outline of a Civilisation. Retrieved 24 February Retrieved 21 July A History of Chinese Civilization. Ennins Travels in Tang China. Here in the relatively dangerous waters on the eastern fringes of the world, they performed the same functions as did the traders of the placid Mediterranean on the western fringes.

This is a historical fact of considerable significance but one which has received virtually no attention in the standard historical compilations of that period or in the modern books based on these sources.

While there were limits to the influence of the Koreans along the eastern coast of China, there can be no doubt of their dominance over the waters off these shores.

A Concise History of Korea: A History of the World in Objects. Retrieved 30 September Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Harvard Dictionary of Music.

There are approximately Roman Catholics increased significantly between the s and the s, but declined throughout the s. Among Christian denominations, Presbyterianism is the largest.

South Korea is also the second-largest missionary-sending nation, after the United States. Buddhism was introduced to Korea in the 4th century.

In the other states of the Three Kingdoms Period , Goguryeo and Baekje , it was made the state religion respectively in and It was later suppressed throughout much of the subsequent history under the unified kingdom of Joseon — , which officially adopted a strict Korean Confucianism.

South Korea has a universal healthcare system. Suicide in South Korea is a serious and widespread problem and the country ranks poorly on world happiness reports for a high-income state.

Life expectancy has been rising rapidly and South Korea ranked 11th in the world for life expectancy at South Korea maintains diplomatic relations with more than countries.

The country has also been a member of the United Nations since , when it became a member state at the same time as North Korea. Both North and South Korea claim complete sovereignty over the entire peninsula and outlying islands.

Political figures such as Kim Koo worked to reconcile the two governments even after the Korean War. Despite the Sunshine Policy and efforts at reconciliation, the progress was complicated by North Korean missile tests in , , , , and As of early [update] , relationships between North and South Korea were very tense; North Korea had been reported to have deployed missiles, [] ended its former agreements with South Korea, [] and threatened South Korea and the United States not to interfere with a satellite launch it had planned.

President Lee Myung-bak declared in May that Seoul would cut all trade with North Korea as part of measures primarily aimed at striking back at North Korea diplomatically and financially, except for the joint Kaesong Industrial Project, and humanitarian aid.

Despite the continuing ties, Kaesong industrial zone has seen a large decrease in investment and manpower as a result of this military conflict.

Historically, Korea had close relations with the dynasties in China, and some Korean kingdoms were members of the Imperial Chinese tributary system.

The two countries sought to improve bilateral relations and lifted the forty-year-old trade embargo, [] and South Korean—Chinese relations have improved steadily since The deployment of THAAD defence missiles by the United States military in South Korea in response to North Korean missile tests has been protested strongly by the Chinese government, concerned that the technologically advanced missile defence could be used more broadly against China.

Korea and Japan have had difficult relations since ancient times , but also significant cultural exchange, with Korea acting as the gateway between Asia and Japan.

There is heavy anti-Japanese sentiment in South Korea because of a number of unsettled Japanese-Korean disputes , many of which stem from the period of Japanese occupation after the Japanese annexation of Korea.

The Liancourt Rocks were the first Korean territories to be forcibly colonized by Japan in Although it was again returned to Korea along with the rest of its territory in with the signing of the Treaty of San Francisco, Japan does not recant on its claims that the Liancourt Rocks are Japanese territory.

The free trade agreement was approved in September , and took effect on July 1, Nevertheless, EU companies have significant problems accessing and operating in the South Korean market because of stringent standards and testing requirements for products and services often creating barriers to trade.

Upon the onset of the Korean War in , U. The United States participation was critical for preventing the near defeat of the Republic of Korea by northern forces, as well as fighting back for the territory gains that define the South Korean nation today.

Following the Armistice, South Korea and the U. There had also been strong anti-American sentiment during certain periods, which has largely moderated in the modern day.

The two nations also share a close economic relationship, with the U. On October 12, , the U. Congress passed the long-stalled trade agreement with South Korea.

The unresolved tension with North Korea have prompted South Korea to allocate 2. All South Korean males are constitutionally required to serve in the military, typically 21 months.

Previous exceptions for South Korean citizens of mixed race no longer apply since A sizable arsenal of many artillery systems, including 1, self-propelled K55 and K9 Thunder howitzers and helicopters and UAVs of numerous types, are assembled to provide additional fire, reconnaissance, and logistics support.

From time to time, South Korea has sent its troops overseas to assist American forces. It has participated in most major conflicts that the United States has been involved in the past 50 years.

A further 1, were deployed since to reinforce UN peacekeeping forces in Lebanon. The United States has stationed a substantial contingent of troops to defend South Korea.

There are approximately 28, U. Military personnel stationed in Korea, [] most of them serving one year unaccompanied tours.

There has been long term agreement between the United States and South Korea that South Korea should eventually assume the lead for its own defense.

This transition to a South Korean command has been slow and often postponed, although it is currently scheduled to occur in the early s.

Male citizens who refuse or reject to undertake military services because of conscientious objection are typically imprisoned, with over individuals usually imprisoned at any given time; more than the rest of the world put together.

However, in a recent court ruling, conscientious objectors were permitted to reject military service. It is a developed country with a high-income economy and is the most industrialized member country of the OECD.

Its massive investment in education has taken the country from mass illiteracy to a major international technological powerhouse.

Furthermore, South Korea was one of the few developed countries that were able to avoid a recession during the global financial crisis. The unemployment rate in South Korea also remained low in , at 3.

The following list includes the largest South Korean companies by revenue in who are all listed as part of the Fortune Global South Korea has a technologically advanced transport network consisting of high-speed railways, highways, bus routes, ferry services, and air routes that crisscross the country.

Korea Expressway Corporation operates the toll highways and service amenities en route. Korail provides frequent train services to all major South Korean cities.

There are also a large number of airports that were built as part of the infrastructure boom but are barely used.

The national carrier, Korean Air served over 26,, passengers, including almost 19,, international passengers in Combined, South Korean airlines serve international routes.

Fuel production and waste handling technologies have also been developed locally. It is also a member of the ITER project. South Korea is an emerging exporter of nuclear reactors , having concluded agreements with the UAE to build and maintain four advanced nuclear reactors, [] with Jordan for a research nuclear reactor, [] [] and with Argentina for construction and repair of heavy-water nuclear reactors.

South Korea is not allowed to enrich uranium or develop traditional uranium enrichment technology on its own, because of US political pressure, [] unlike most major nuclear powers such as Japan, Germany, and France, competitors of South Korea in the international nuclear market.

While South Korea is successful in exporting its electricity-generating nuclear technology and nuclear reactors, it cannot capitalize on the market for nuclear enrichment facilities and refineries , preventing it from further expanding its export niche.

South Korea has sought unique technologies such as pyroprocessing to circumvent these obstacles and seek a more advantageous competition.

South Korea ranked number 10 overall in the NRI ranking, up from 11 in In , 17 million foreign tourists visited South Korea [] [] With rising tourist prospects, especially from foreign countries outside of Asia, the South Korean government has set a target of attracting 20 million foreign tourists a year by South Korean tourism is driven by many factors, including the popularity of South Korean pop music and television dramas , known as Korean Wave Hallyu , throughout East Asia, traditional culture, cuisine and natural environment.

The Hyundai Research Institute reported that the Korean Wave has a direct impact in encouraging direct foreign investment back into the country through demand for products, and the tourism industry.

According to an analysis by economist Han Sang-Wan, a 1 percent increase in the exports of Korean cultural content pushes consumer goods exports up 0.

The South Korean pension system was created to provide benefits to persons reaching old age, families and persons stricken with death of their primary breadwinner, and for the purposes of stabilizing its nations welfare state.

In there was a total of 18,, insured individuals with only around , persons excluded from mandatory contribution. Eligibility for the national pension scheme is not dependent on income but on age and residence, where those between the ages of 18 to 59 are covered.

Employees between the ages of 18 to 59 are covered under the workplace-based pension scheme and contribute 4.

Voluntarily insured persons are not subjected to mandatory coverage but can choose to be. This category comprises retirees who voluntarily choose to have additional benefits, individuals under the age of 27 without income, and individuals whose spouses are covered under a public welfare system, whether military, governmental, or private school teacher pensions.

Voluntarily and continuously insured persons consists of individuals 60 years of age who want to fulfill the minimum insured period of 20 years to qualify for old age pension benefits.

Scientific and technological development in the South Korea at first did not occur largely because of more pressing matters such as the division of Korea and the Korean War that occurred right after its independence.

South Korean corporations Samsung and LG were ranked first and third largest mobile phone companies in the world in the first quarter of , respectively.

South Korea has the fastest Internet download speeds in the world, with an average download speed of There is a growing trend of inventions of new types of media or apps, utilizing the 4G and 5G internet infrastructure in South Korea.

South Korea has today the infrastructures to meet a density of population and culture that has the capability to create strong local particularity.

Following cyberattacks in the first half of , whereby government, news-media, television station, and bank websites were compromised, the national government committed to the training of 5, new cybersecurity experts by The South Korean government blamed North Korea for these attacks, as well as incidents that occurred in , and , but Pyongyang denies the accusations.

In late September , a computer-security competition jointly sponsored by the defense ministry and the National Intelligence Service was announced.

South Korea has sent up 10 satellites from , all using foreign rockets and overseas launch pads, notably Arirang-1 in , and Arirang-2 in as part of its space partnership with Russia.

Plans of creating English-teaching robot assistants to compensate for the shortage of teachers were announced in February , with the robots being deployed to most preschools and kindergartens by Recently, research and development in genetics and cloning has received increasing attention, with the first successful cloning of a dog, Snuppy in , and the cloning of two females of an endangered species of wolves [ which?

The rapid growth of the industry has resulted in significant voids in regulation of ethics, as was highlighted by the scientific misconduct case involving Hwang Woo-Suk.

South Korea shares its traditional culture with North Korea , but the two Koreas have developed distinct contemporary forms of culture since the peninsula was divided in Historically, while the culture of Korea has been heavily influenced by that of neighboring China, it has nevertheless managed to develop a unique cultural identity that is distinct from its larger neighbor.

The South Korean Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism actively encourages the traditional arts, as well as modern forms, through funding and education programs.

The industrialization and urbanization of South Korea have brought many changes to the way modern Koreans live. Changing economics and lifestyles have led to a concentration of population in major cities, especially the capital Seoul, with multi-generational households separating into nuclear family living arrangements.

A Euromonitor study found that South Koreans drink the most alcohol on a weekly basis compared to the rest of the world. South Koreans drink Korean art has been highly influenced by Buddhism and Confucianism , which can be seen in the many traditional paintings, sculptures, ceramics and the performing arts.

Post-war modern Korean art started to flourish in the s and s, when South Korean artists took interest in geometrical shapes and intangible subjects.

Establishing a harmony between man and nature was also a favorite of this time. Because of social instability, social issues appeared as main subjects in the s.

Art was influenced by various international events and exhibits in Korea, and with it brought more diversity. Korean traditional architecture is characterized by its harmony with nature.

Ancient architects adopted the bracket system characterized by thatched roofs and heated floors called ondol. Traditional architecture can be seen in the palaces and temples, preserved old houses called hanok , [] and special sites like Hahoe Folk Village , Yangdong Village of Gyeongju and Korean Folk Village.

Western architecture was first introduced to Korea at the end of the 19th century. Churches, offices for foreign legislation, schools and university buildings were built in new styles.

The anti-Japanese sentiment, and the Korean War, led to the destruction of most buildings constructed during that time.

Korean architecture entered a new phase of development during the post-Korean War reconstruction, incorporating modern architectural trends and styles.

Stimulated by the economic growth in the s and s, active redevelopment saw new horizons in architectural design. In the aftermath of the Seoul Olympics, South Korea has witnessed a wide variation of styles in its architectural landscape due, in large part, to the opening up of the market to foreign architects.

Ingredients and dishes vary by province. There are many significant regional dishes that have proliferated in different variations across the country in the present day.

The Korean royal court cuisine once brought all of the unique regional specialties together for the royal family. Meals consumed both by the royal family and ordinary Korean citizens have been regulated by a unique culture of etiquette.

Korean cuisine is largely based on rice , noodles , tofu , vegetables, fish and meats. Every meal is accompanied by numerous banchan. Soups are also a common part of a Korean meal and are served as part of the main course rather than at the beginning or the end of the meal.

Popular Korean alcoholic beverages include Soju , Makgeolli and Bokbunja ju. Korea is unique among Asian countries in its use of metal chopsticks.

Metal chopsticks have been discovered in Goguryeo archaeological sites. The cultural phenomenon known as Hallyu or the "Korean Wave", has swept many countries across Asia making South Korea a major soft power as an exporter of popular culture and entertainment, rivaling Western nations such as the United States and the United Kingdom.

Until the s, trot and traditional Korean folk based ballads dominated South Korean popular music. The emergence of the South Korean pop group Seo Taiji and Boys in marked a turning point for South Korean popular music, also known as K-pop , as the genre modernized itself from incorporating elements of popular musical genres from across the world such as Western popular music , experimental , jazz , gospel , Latin , classical , hip hop , rhythm and blues , electronic dance , reggae , country , folk , and rock on top of its uniquely traditional Korean music roots.

K-pop stars and groups are well known across Asia and have found international fame making millions of dollars in export revenue. Many K-pop acts have also been able secure a strong overseas following following using online social media platforms such as the video sharing website YouTube.

South Korean singer PSY became an international sensation when his song " Gangnam Style " topped global music charts in Since the success of the film Shiri in , the Korean film industry has begun to gain recognition internationally.

Domestic film has a dominant share of the market, partly because of the existence of screen quotas requiring cinemas to show Korean films at least 73 days a year.

South Korean television shows have become popular outside of Korea. South Korean television dramas, known as K-dramas have begun to find fame internationally.

The Lonely and Great God. There are many official public holidays in South Korea. Constitution Day is on July 17, and it celebrates the promulgation of Constitution of the Republic of Korea.

Every 15th day of the 8th lunar month, Koreans celebrate the Midautumn Festival , in which Koreans visit their ancestral hometowns and eat a variety of traditional Korean foods.

October 3 is National Foundation Day. Hangul Day, on October 9 commemorates the invention of hangul , the native alphabet of the Korean language.

The martial art taekwondo originated in Korea. In the s and s, modern rules were standardized, with taekwondo becoming an official Olympic sport in Football and baseball have traditionally been regarded as the most popular sports in Korea.

However, the polling did not indicate the extent to which respondents follow both sports. The Korea Republic national team as it is known has qualified for every World Cup since Mexico , and has broken out of the group stage twice: Baseball was first introduced to Korea in and has since become increasingly popular, with some sources claiming it has surpassed football as the most popular sport in the country.

The South Korea national team finished third in the World Baseball Classic and second in the tournament.

Several Korean players have gone on to play in Major League Baseball. Basketball is a popular sport in the country as well. Seoul hosted the and Asian Basketball Championship.

The Korea national basketball team has won a record number of 23 medals at the event to date. In , South Korea hosted the Summer Olympics in Seoul , coming fourth with 12 gold medals, 10 silver medals and 11 bronze medals.

South Korea regularly performs well in archery , shooting , table tennis , badminton , short track speed skating , handball , hockey , freestyle wrestling , Greco-Roman wrestling , baseball , judo , taekwondo , speed skating , figure Skating , and weightlifting.

South Korea has won more medals in the Winter Olympics than any other Asian country with a total of 45 medals 23 gold, 14 silver, and 8 bronze.

At the Winter Olympics , South Korea ranked fifth in the overall medal rankings. South Korea is especially strong in short track speed skating.

However, speed skating and figure skating are very popular, too, and ice hockey is an emerging sport with Anyang Halla winning their first ever Asia League Ice Hockey title in March Competitive video gaming , also called eSports sometimes written e-Sports , has become more popular South Korea in recent years, particularly among young people.

They can make a living out of their activity and top players can even make a significant amount of money with some high end Starcraft II players ending up making six figure salaries.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Korea. Not to be confused with Southerners Korean political faction. Republic in East Asia.

Balhae violet and Silla blue , circa CE. History of South Korea. Geography of South Korea. Climate of South Korea. Environment of South Korea.

Government of South Korea. Administrative divisions of South Korea. Korea Strait Busan Strait. Korea Strait Tsushima Strait. Sea of Japan East Sea.

Demographics of South Korea. Education in South Korea. Korean language and Korean dialects. Religion in South Korea. Health in South Korea.

Foreign relations of South Korea. North Korea—South Korea relations. History of Japan—Korea relations and Japan—Korea disputes. South Korea—European Union relations.

South Korea—United States relations. Republic of Korea Armed Forces. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.

Economy of South Korea. The Daegu Metro Line 3 monorail. Tourism in South Korea. History of science and technology in Korea.

List of Korean inventions and discoveries. Korea Aerospace Research Institute. Culture of South Korea.

Architecture of South Korea. Public holidays in South Korea. Sport in South Korea. Korea portal Asia portal. Faculty of Philosophy and Social-Political Sciences: Archived from the original PDF on September 25, Retrieved January 16, Retrieved July 26, Retrieved October 5, Retrieved May 20, Korean Statistical Information Service.

Retrieved September 9, World Economic Outlook Database, October Korea National Statistical Office.

Retrieved June 30, United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 14 September The History of the World. Retrieved July 15, From the seventh to the sixteenth century.

Retrieved November 8, Retrieved November 19, Rediscovering Russia in Asia: Siberia and the Russian Far East: Siberia and the Russian Far East.

A History of Korea: Retrieved July 13, Retrieved April 25, Archived from the original on March 2, Retrieved July 12, Retrieved February 18, Economic and social developments".

University of California Press. A New History of Korea. The History of Korea. Korea — A Religious History. United Daily News in Chinese. Retrieved March 28, Archived from the original on November 1, Retrieved 2 July Archived from the original on 20 May Retrieved August 19, Chronology Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History".

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. In Chandler, Daniel; Munday, Rod. A Dictionary of Media and Communication. A Cultural, Social, and Political History.

Archived from the original on January 28, Retrieved February 17, From Antiquity to the Present. Most textbooks and professional historians, however, treat him as a myth.

Brief History of Korea. Retrieved April 17, Retrieved November 21, New history of Korea. He launched a military expedition to expand his territory, opening the golden age of Goguryeo.

The Cambridge History of Japan. Retrieved July 29, Encyclopedia of Asian history. East Asia at the Center: Four Thousand Years of Engagement with the World.

Retrieved October 11, Archived from the original on August 28, Retrieved August 26, The Deadliest Episodes in Human History. Human Security and the Chinese State: Historical Transformations and the Modern Quest for Sovereignty.

Yang Ti, the next Sui emperor, proceeded in to mount an invasion of unprecedented magnitude, marshalling a huge force said to number over a million men.

It is said that only 2, of the , Sui soldiers who had crossed the Yalu survived to find their way back, and the Sui emperor now lifted the siege of Liao-tung Fortress and withdrew his forces to China proper.

A Panorama of Years: Korean History Second revised ed. China, which had been split into many states since the early 3rd century, was reunified by the Sui dynasty at the end of the 6th century.

Only 2, Sui troops were able to flee from Korea. Retrieved September 12, The Religious Traditions of Asia: Religion, History, and Culture.

Ewha Womans University Press. The New History of Korean Civilization. Outline of a Civilisation. Korean History in Maps. Retrieved February 24, The Harvard Dictionary of Music.

Moon Living Abroad in South Korea. Retrieved September 30, Retrieved July 21, A History of Chinese Civilization. Ennins Travels in Tang China.

From what Ennin tells us, it seems that commerce between East China, Korea and Japan was, for the most part, in the hands of men from Silla.

Here in the relatively dangerous waters on the eastern fringes of the world, they performed the same functions as did the traders of the placid Mediterranean on the western fringes.

This is a historical fact of considerable significance but one which has received virtually no attention in the standard historical compilations of that period or in the modern books based on these sources.

While there were limits to the influence of the Koreans along the eastern coast of China, there can be no doubt of their dominance over the waters off these shores.

The History of Korea, 2nd Edition. A Concise History of Korea: A History of the World in Objects. Metropolitan Museum of Art. Archived from the original on October 3, Buddhist Exploration of Peace and Justice.

Speeches in World History. Buswell; Jr, Donald S. The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism. Ordinary Mind as the Way: Understanding the Classic Texts.

The Silk Road Encyclopedia. Asian Folk Religion and Cultural Interaction. The Rough Guide to China. Retrieved October 27, Archived from the original on August 29, Archived from the original on March 13, The Earth and Its Peoples, Brief: Korea and East Asia: The Story of a Phoenix.

Retrieved July 28, Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture. Retrieved August 1, Retrieved November 12, Through the Eyes of the Pack.

Retrieved July 27, Concise History of the Language Sciences: From the Sumerians to the Cognitivists. The Samurai Invasion of Korea — Retrieved March 25,

Here in the relatively dangerous waters on the eastern fringes of the world, they performed the same functions as did the traders of the placid Mediterranean on the western fringes.

This is a historical fact of considerable significance but one which has received virtually no attention in the standard historical compilations of that period or in the modern books based on these sources.

While there were limits to the influence of the Koreans along the eastern coast of China, there can be no doubt of their dominance over the waters off these shores.

The History of Korea, 2nd Edition. A Concise History of Korea: A History of the World in Objects. Metropolitan Museum of Art. Archived from the original on October 3, Buddhist Exploration of Peace and Justice.

Speeches in World History. Buswell; Jr, Donald S. The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism. Ordinary Mind as the Way: Understanding the Classic Texts.

The Silk Road Encyclopedia. Asian Folk Religion and Cultural Interaction. The Rough Guide to China. Retrieved October 27, Archived from the original on August 29, Archived from the original on March 13, The Earth and Its Peoples, Brief: Korea and East Asia: The Story of a Phoenix.

Retrieved July 28, Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture. Retrieved August 1, Retrieved November 12, Through the Eyes of the Pack.

Retrieved July 27, Concise History of the Language Sciences: From the Sumerians to the Cognitivists. The Samurai Invasion of Korea — Retrieved March 25, Cambridge University Press, Wagner and Edward J.

A Brief History of Korea. Su-un and His World of Symbols: Archived from the original on May 2, The Kwangju massacre , May 17, Retrieved December 2, Retrieved March 10, Korea Statistical Information Service in Korean.

Archived from the original on September 17, Retrieved March 27, Retrieved October 29, American University of Washington.

Archived from the original on March 9, Hester August 28, Save the Songdo Tidal Flat". Archived from the original on May 11, Retrieved October 21, Options for a harmonized Community framework", Energy Policy , Vol.

Retrieved March 16, at www. Archived from the original on September 28, Archived from the original on February 15, Archived from the original on June 9, The Economist Intelligence Unit.

Archived from the original PDF on December 14, Retrieved February 16, Archived from the original on July 3, Retrieved April 22, Archived from the original on October 5, Retrieved May 11, Library of Congress Country Studies.

Archived from the original on April 30, Retrieved March 11, The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 9, Retrieved October 18, Lowest Birthrate in the World".

Retrieved February 7, Retrieved August 10, Retrieved June 20, Archived from the original on February 11, Retrieved February 6, Archived from the original on May 31, Retrieved May 29, Kids, Stop Studying So Hard!

Archived from the original on November 18, Archived from the original PDF on December 20, Archived from the original on August 17, Retrieved October 28, Retrieved July 3, Archived from the original on July 5, Retrieved October 23, Long days, high results".

Archived from the original on January 31, Retrieved December 4, Retrieved October 2, A conversation with Lee Ju-Ho". Archived from the original on September 24, Archived from the original on September 13, Constitutional Court of Korea.

Archived from the original on March 23, With Special Application to Japan. Archived from the original PDF on January 10, Retrieved June 8, Korean Social Science Research Council.

Archived from the original on April 26, Archived from the original on March 17, Retrieved March 20, Retrieved 13 April Retrieved March 8, Retrieved May 8, UN security council condemns latest violation".

A concise history of Korea, p. Chinese Ministry of National Defence. South China Morning Post. There were two Korean Lt.

Generals in the Japanese Army: Hong Sa-Ik , who was a professional military man from the old Chosun army. Archived from the original on February 14, Retrieved March 18, Archived from the original on July 12, Japan Policy Research Institute.

Retrieved February 3, Washington Coalition for Comfort Women Issues. Archived from the original on May 14, Archived from the original on May 7, Retrieved February 15, Retrieved September 23, Exporters Under the U.

Archived from the original on July 30, Your source for Global Business Knowledge. A Dictionary of World History. North Korea in Pictures.

Retrieved September 8, Korea, A Century of Change. Retrieved August 14, Korea following Cheonan sinking". Retrieved December 15, Archived from the original on April 27, Archived from the original on December 3, Retrieved July 18, Traffic at Incheon Airport is booming.

Retrieved March 9, Retrieved February 21, Ministry of Land, Transportation and Maritime Affairs. Archived from the original on September 15, Retrieved May 19, Retrieved March 2, Korean Pyroprocessing Awaits U.

Retrieved June 28, Archived from the original on January 20, Retrieved January 20, Retrieved December 1, Asia and the Pacific, — South Korea".

Republic of Korea" PDF. Retrieved July 7, Archived from the original on February 19, Retrieved February 12, Retrieved October 26, Archived from the original on April 12, The Wall Street Journal.

Retrieved September 24, Retrieved June 7, BBC News April 8, Korean satellite lost shortly after launch".

Archived from the original on July 24, Retrieved August 21, Korea DAPA commissioner confirms km-range ballistic missile development research".

Ministry of Knowledge Economy , September 3, JoongAng Daily , February 13, Korea, National Geographic, May 15, ". Archived from the original PDF on September 17, Endangered Wolf Cloned in South Korea".

Archived from the original on January 9, Archived from the original on December 24, Retrieved April 11, See also "Mission and Goal".

Ferdman; Ritchie King February 2, Archived from the original on February 8, Retrieved February 9, Archived from the original on July 10, Retrieved July 10, Retrieved June 25, Archived from the original on July 19, Retrieved April 13, Handbook of Korea, 11th ed.

Accessed December 26, Accessed November 9, Accessed April 21, Los Angeles Times blog. Retrieved April 15, Retrieved June 26, Retrieved December 27, Formula One World Championship Limited.

From Tradition to Consumption: Constructing a Capitalist Culture in South Korea. Peterson, Mark ; Margulies, Phillip The Making of the First Korean President: A history of the Korean people 2nd ed.

The North and South Korean political systems: A comparative analysis rev. Yonhap News Agency South Korea North Korea. Administrative divisions Cities Environment.

Regions and administrative divisions of South Korea. Countries and dependencies of Asia. Dependencies and special administrative regions.

Christmas Island Cocos Keeling Islands. Book Category Asia portal. China—Japan—South Korea trilateral summit leaders and foreign ministers.

States with limited recognition. Details concerning international recognition and foreign relations provided by the articles linked in parenthesis.

Abkhazia recognition relations Kosovo recognition relations Northern Cyprus relations Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic recognition relations South Ossetia recognition relations Taiwan relations.

Nordkoreanischer Personenkult um Kim Il-sung. Ein Freundschaftsvertrag zwischen Nordkorea und der VR China ist seit in Kraft, doch wurden inzwischen die beiderseitigen Verpflichtungen verringert.

Siehe auch der Streit um den Socotra-Fels. Oktober im Rahmen der Sonnenscheinpolitik. Daher gibt es trotz Verhandlungen und gemeinsamen Wirtschaftsprojekten derzeit noch keine Aussicht auf eine friedliche Beilegung des Konflikts.

Aufgrund der sehr schlechten wirtschaftlichen Lage des Nordens ist dieser stark auf internationale Wirtschaftshilfen angewiesen. Die Beschallung der Soldaten mit Propaganda entlang der streng befestigten Grenze wurde eingestellt.

Historic crossing , BBC, 2. BBC News , Korean Central News Agency. USA errichten Raketenabwehr auf Pazifikinsel. April , abgerufen am 9.

Ulchi Freedom Guardian exercise ends after dramatic 2 weeks. August , archiviert vom Original am Furthermore, the Joseon government adopted a strict isolationist policy, earning the nickname "the hermit kingdom ", but ultimately failed to protect itself against imperialism and was forced to open its borders, beginning an era leading into Japanese imperial rule.

As a result of the Sino-Japanese War —95 , the Qing dynasty had to give up such a position according to Article 1 of the Treaty of Shimonoseki , which was concluded between China and Japan in That same year, Empress Myeongseong of Korea was assassinated by Japanese agents.

In , the Joseon dynasty proclaimed the Korean Empire — King Gojong became an emperor. During this brief period, Korea had some success in modernizing the military, economy, real property laws, education system, and various industries.

Russia , Japan, France , and the United States all invested in the country and sought to influence it politically. In , an already militarily occupied Korea was a forced party to the Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty.

However, the Emperor is said to have not actually ratified the treaty according to Yi Tae-jin. Korean resistance to the brutal Japanese occupation [] [] [] was manifested in the nonviolent March 1st Movement of , during which 7, demonstrators were killed by Japanese police and military.

During the Japanese annexation, the Korean language was suppressed in an effort to eradicate Korean national identity.

However, experts estimate that over , artifacts actually remain in Japan. There was a significant level of emigration to the overseas territories of the Empire of Japan during the Japanese occupation period, including Korea.

In , with the surrender of Japan , the United Nations developed plans for a trusteeship administration, the Soviet Union administering the peninsula north of the 38th parallel and the United States administering the south.

The politics of the Cold War resulted in the establishment of two separate governments, North Korea and South Korea. The aftermath of World War II left Korea partitioned along the 38th parallel, with the north under Soviet occupation and the south under US occupation supported by other allied states.

Consequently, North Korea, a Soviet-style socialist republic was established in the north and South Korea; a Western-style regime, was established in the South.

South Korea is a multi-party state with a capitalist market economy , alongside membership in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the Group of Twenty.

The two states have greatly diverged both culturally and economically since their partition, though they still share a common traditional culture and pre-Cold War history.

Since the s, the South Korean economy has grown enormously and the economic structure was radically transformed. Rummel , forced labor , executions, and concentration camps were responsible for over one million deaths in North Korea from to ; [] others have estimated , deaths in concentration camps alone.

As guerrilla activities expanded everywhere in South Korea, the South Korean government used strong measures against peasants, such as forcefully moving their families from guerrilla areas.

The losses incurred from that terror were: The Korean Peninsula remained divided, the Korean Demilitarized Zone being the de facto border between the two states.

During the Korean War —53 more than 1. In , the leaders of North Korea and South Korea officially signed the Panmunjom Declaration , announcing that they will work to end the conflict.

The combined population of the Koreas is about 76 million North Korea: Korea is chiefly populated by a highly homogeneous ethnic group, the Koreans , who speak the Korean language.

Worldwide, there are up to 80 million speakers of the Korean language. South Korea has around 50 million speakers while North Korea around 25 million.

The classification of Korean is debated. Some linguists place it in the Altaic language family; others consider it to be a language isolate. Korean is agglutinative in its morphology and SOV in its syntax.

Like Japanese and Vietnamese , Korean has borrowed much vocabulary from the Chinese or created vocabulary on Chinese models.

Modern Korean is written almost exclusively in the script of the Korean alphabet known as Hangul in South Korea and Chosungul in China and North Korea , which was invented in the 15th century.

Korean is sometimes written with the addition of some Chinese characters called Hanja; however, this is only occasionally seen nowadays. While Hangul may appear logographic , it is actually a phonemic alphabet organised into syllabic blocks.

Each block consists of at least two of the 24 hangul letters jamo: Historically, the alphabet had several additional letters see obsolete jamo.

For a phonological description of the letters, see Korean phonology. However, western reckoning is sometimes applied with regard to the concept of legal age ; for example, the legal age for purchasing alcohol or cigarettes in the Republic of Korea is 19, which is measured according to western reckoning.

Korean literature written before the end of the Joseon Dynasty is called "Classical" or "Traditional. Classical Korean literature has its roots in traditional folk beliefs and folk tales of the peninsula, strongly influenced by Confucianism , Buddhism and Taoism.

Modern literature is often linked with the development of hangul , which helped spread literacy from the aristocracy to the common people.

Hangul, however, only reached a dominant position in Korean literature in the second half of the 19th century, resulting in a major growth in Korean literature.

Sinsoseol , for instance, are novels written in hangul. The Korean War led to the development of literature centered on the wounds and chaos of war.

Much of the post-war literature in South Korea deals with the daily lives of ordinary people, and their struggles with national pain.

The collapse of the traditional Korean value system is another common theme of the time. Traditional Korean music includes combinations of the folk, vocal, religious and ritual music styles of the Korean people.

Korean music has been practiced since prehistoric times. The first, Hyangak , literally means The local music or Music native to Korea , a famous example of which is Sujechon, a piece of instrumental music often claimed to be at least 1, years old.

Confucian tradition has dominated Korean thought, along with contributions by Buddhism , Taoism , and Korean Shamanism. Since the middle of the 20th century, however, Christianity has competed with Buddhism in South Korea, while religious practice has been suppressed in North Korea.

Throughout Korean history and culture, regardless of separation; the influence of traditional beliefs of Korean Shamanism, Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism have remained an underlying religion of the Korean people as well as a vital aspect of their culture; all these traditions have coexisted peacefully for hundreds of years up to today despite strong Westernisation from Christian missionary conversions in the South [] [] [] or the pressure from the Juche government in the North.

Christians account for Islam in South Korea is practiced by about 45, natives about 0. Koreans traditionally believe that the taste and quality of food depend on its spices and sauces, the essential ingredients to making a delicious meal.

Therefore, soybean paste , soy sauce , gochujang or red pepper paste and kimchi are some of the most important staples in a Korean household.

Korean cuisine was greatly influenced by the geography and climate of the Korean Peninsula, which is known for its cold autumns and winters, therefore there are many fermented dishes and hot soups and stews.

Korean cuisine is probably best known for kimchi , a side dish which uses a distinctive fermentation process of preserving vegetables, most commonly cabbage.

Kimchi is said to relieve the pores on the skin, thereby reducing wrinkles and providing nutrients to the skin naturally. It is also healthy, as it provides necessary vitamins and nutrients.

Gochujang, a traditional Korean sauce made of red pepper is also commonly used, often as pepper chilli paste, earning the cuisine a reputation for spiciness.

Bulgogi roasted marinated meat, usually beef , galbi marinated grilled short ribs , and samgyeopsal pork belly are popular meat entrees.

Fish is also a popular commodity, as it is the traditional meat that Koreans eat. Meals are usually accompanied by a soup or stew, such as galbitang stewed ribs or doenjang jjigae fermented bean paste soup.

The center of the table is filled with a shared collection of sidedishes called banchan. Other popular dishes include bibimbap which literally means "mixed rice" rice mixed with meat, vegetables, and red pepper paste and naengmyeon cold noodles.

Instant noodles or ramyeon are a popular snack food and Koreans also enjoy food from pojangmachas street vendors , where customers can buy tteokbokki rice cake and fish cake with a spicy gochujang sauce , gimbap made of steamed white rice wrapped in dried laver seaweed as well as fried squid and glazed sweet potato.

Soondae , a sausage made of cellophane noodles and pork blood, is widely eaten. Additionally, some other common snacks include " Choco Pie ", shrimp crackers, "bbeongtwigi" puffed rice grains , and "nurungji" slightly burnt rice.

Nurungji can be eaten as it is or boiled with water to make a soup. Nurungji can also be eaten as a snack or a dessert.

Korea is unique among Asian countries in its use of metal chopsticks. Metal chopsticks have been discovered in archaeological sites belonging to the ancient Korean kingdoms of Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla.

The modern South Korean school system consists of six years in elementary school, three years in middle school, and three years in high school.

Students are required to go to elementary and middle school, and do not have to pay for their education, except for a small fee called a "School Operation Support Fee" that differs from school to school.

South Korea ranks second on math and literature and first in problem solving [ citation needed ]. Although South Korean students often rank high on international comparative assessments, the education system is criticised for emphasising too much upon passive learning and memorization.

The South Korean education system is rather notably strict and structured as compared to its counterparts in most Western societies.

After students enter university, however, the situation is markedly reversed. The North Korean education system consists primarily of universal and state funded schooling by the government.

The national literacy rate for citizens 15 years of age and above is over 99 percent. Other notable universities include Kim Chaek University of Technology , which focuses on computer science, Pyongyang University of Foreign Studies , which trains working level diplomats and trade officials, and Kim Hyong Jik University , which trains teachers.

Outside the formal structure of schools and classrooms in the north is the extremely important "social education". This education includes not only extracurricular activities but also family life and the broadest range of human relationships within society.

There is great sensitivity to the influence of the social environment on the growing child and its role in the development of his or her character.

The ideal of social education is to provide a carefully controlled environment in which children are exposed only to pro- Juche and anti-south influences.

After school, our children have many spare hours. The earliest known surviving Korean example of woodblock printing is the Mugujeonggwang Great Dharani Sutra.

During the Goryeo Dynasty , metal movable type printing was invented by Choe Yun-ui in The Korean alphabet hangul was also invented during this time by King Sejong the Great.

North Korea and South Korea usually compete as two separate nations in international events. There are, however, a few examples of them having competed as one entity , under the name Korea.

While association football remains one of the most popular sports in South Korea, the martial art of taekwondo is considered to be the national sport.

Baseball and golf are also popular. It combines combat techniques, self-defense, sport, exercise and in some cases meditation and philosophy.

Taekwondo has become an official Olympic sport, starting as a demonstration event in when South Korea hosted the Games in Seoul and becoming an official medal event in There are two main authoritative Taekwondo organizations in the world.

Hapkido is a modern Korean martial art with a grappling focus that employs joint locks, throws, kicks, punches and other striking attacks like attacks against pressure points.

Hapkido emphasizes circular motion, non-resisting movements and control of the opponent. Practitioners seek to gain advantage through footwork and body positioning to employ leverage, avoiding the pure use of strength against strength.

Ssireum is the traditional national sport of Korea. During a match, opponents grip each other by sash belts wrapped around the waist and the thigh, attempting to throw their competitor to the sandy ground of the ring.

The first opponent to touch the ground with any body part above the knee or to lose hold of their opponent loses the round.

Ssireum competitions are traditionally held twice a year, during the Dano Festival the 5th day of the fifth lunar month and Chuseok the 15th day of the 8th lunar month.

Competitions are also held throughout the year as a part of festivals and other events. On March 1, , Korean presented their resistance towards Japan and Japanese occupation with a declaration of independence.

The newly established Korean government set aside March 1 as a national holiday to commemorate the sacrifices borne in the long struggle for Korean independence.

Hyunchoongil is the national holiday in Korea commemorating those who fought and died for the nation. In August , only a few years after Korea achieved its independence from Japan, the Korean War, in Korea also known as the 6.

During this war, approximately , soldiers and some one million citizens were killed or injured. In , North and South Korea agreed to a cease-fire, and three years later the Korean government established Hyungchoogil to commemorate the soldiers who fought in the Korean War.

Subsequent to its establishment, Hyungchoogil was reinterpreted as a day of remembrance for those who died defending Korea in all conflicts, not only during the Korean War.

Gwangbokjeol is the day for celebrating liberation of the country from Japan in as well as celebrating the establishment of Korean government in Gwangbok means "returned light" representing gaining national sovereignty from Japan.

It was first declared to be national holiday in October 1. On this date every year, the president of Korea visits Independence Hall, and invites diplomatic envoys from many countries and all social standings in countries to Cheongwadae the Blue House, the Korean presidential residence.

Before the creation of Hangul, people in Korea known as Joseon at the time primarily wrote using Classical Chinese alongside native phonetic writing systems that predate Hangul by hundreds of years, including idu , hyangchal , gugyeol , and gakpil.

To assuage this problem, King Sejong created the unique alphabet known as Hangul to promote literacy among the common people. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Region in East Asia. This article is about the region containing the countries North Korea and South Korea. For the peninsula the region is located on, see Korean Peninsula.

For other uses, see Korea disambiguation. Part of a series on the. Prehistoric Korea and Gojoseon. Proto—Three Kingdoms of Korea.

Korea under Japanese rule. Division of Korea , Korean conflict , and Korean reunification. Korean language and Korean Sign Language.

Culture of Korea , Korean art , Korean pottery and porcelain , Korean martial arts , Korean dance , Korean bow , and Korean architecture.

Historic Monuments and Sites in Kaesong. Royal Tombs of the Joseon.

Truman hatte bereits wieder einige Truppen nach Südkorea geschickt, die jedoch keinesfalls ausreichten, um die materielle Überlegenheit der Nordkoreaner über die südkoreanische Armee auszugleichen. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Als Entgegnung reaktivierte auch der Norden seine Propagandasendungen. Überblick über die tagesschau. Letzterer konnte durch seinen Auftritt Sympathien in der südkoreanischen Gesellschaft gewinnen. In Südkorea werden die Hanja auch heute noch gelegentlich zur Schreibung von sinokoreanischen, d. Empfehlungen der Kohlekommission Greenpeace: Allerdings alles unter einer Voraussetzung: Parteikonferenz der Partei der Arbeit Koreas zum Ersten Sekretär und damit offiziell zum Parteiführer gewählt wurde, [17] hatte es zunächst nicht den Anschein, als ob sich ein Kurswechsel in der nordkoreanischen Politik abzeichnen würde. Jahrhundert wurden die sogenannten Schildkrötenschiffe in Korea entwickelt und erfolgreich im Imjin-Krieg gegen Japan eingesetzt. Möge das Bewusstsein unserer Freundschaft uns stärken, gemeinsam vorwärts zu gehen. Kim Dae-jung wurde für das Treffen im gleichen Jahr der Friedensnobelpreis verliehen. Möge das Bewusstsein unserer Freundschaft uns stärken, gemeinsam vorwärts zu gehen. Breitengrad zurückgedrängt, wo sich die Situation festigte. Und die Hoffnung, die wir haben, ist, dass ein solcher Besuch auch das Leben der Kirche in Nordkorea wieder frei setzen kann. Und dann sagte er etwas, was - wie schon beim ersten Gipfel $1minimum deposit mobile casino April — ein Zeichen für ein neues Selbstbewusstsein beider Staaten ist. Ein koreanisches Mädchen trägt ihren Bruder an einem liegengebliebenen Panzer vorbei Juni Das nord südkorea nach Angaben der südkoreanischen Nachrichtenagentur Yonhap aus dem Abkommen hervor, das die Verteidigungsminister beider Länder am Mittwoch auf dem Gipfel unterzeichneten. Im April beschlossen die beiden Staatsmänner nun, bis Jahresende einen aufzusetzen. In Südkorea werden die Bruma wolfsburg auch heute noch gelegentlich zur Schreibung von sinokoreanischen, d. Dezember um Peter Prove hat das Land im Auftrag des Weltkirchenrats mehrfach mit Delegationen bereist bob casino 10 free spins ein differenziertes Bild gewonnen:. Septemberabgerufen am 4.

2 Replies to “Nord südkorea”

Hinterlasse eine Antwort

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind markiert *